Who is the right Paediatrician for my child?

Paediatrician is specially for medical science concerned with the physical, mental, and social health of children from birth to young adulthood. Paediatric care surrounds a broad range of health services extend from preventive health care to the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic diseases.

What is called Paediatrician?

A paediatrician is a child physician who provides medical care for children,  who have an acute or serious illness and also preventive measures for healthy growth and development. They manage physical,mental, and emotional health of the children.

Paediatrics is a person who deals with biological ,social , and environmental effects on the developing child and with the impact of disease and abnormal development of child. Children differs from adults anatomically, physiologically, immunologically, psychologically, developmentally, and metabolically. 

What is a paediatrician What did they do?

Paediatricians have a wide range of responsibilities. They do everything from perform well on baby checkup to manage serious medical conditions. Paediatricians provide preventive care and also diagnose and treat infections, injuries and diseases

Paediatricians :
  • Perform regular health and wellness checkups (also called well-baby or well-child visits).
  • Conduct physical examine.
  • Track your child’s physical, emotional and social development.
  • Diagnose and treat illnesses, injuries and other health conditions.
  • Give vaccines.
  • Prescribe medication.
  • Listen to parent’s concerns and answer their questions.
  • Offer health advice to parents.
  • Refer families to specialists as needed.

Types of Paediatrician 

  • Paediatric cardiology
  • Paediatric Endocrinology
  • Paediatric Gastroenterology
  • Paediatric Genetics
  • Paediatric Nephrology
  • Paediatric Neurology
  • Paediatric Allergy & Immunology
  • Paediatric Oncology
  • Paediatric Pulmonology
  • Paediatric plastic surgeon

Paediatricians are licensed doctors who specialise in providing healthcare for young patients from birth to adulthood. Their wide range of medical expertise includes diagnosing and treating illness, healing injuries, providing immunizations for children, and treating other health conditions.They also provide paediatric well visit checkups to ensure important health milestones are met.

1. Paediatric cardiology:

The specialists in paediatric cardiology diagnose and treat several children’s heart conditions; defects present at birth, acquired heart diseases, rheumatic heart disease, heart murmurs, chest pain, valve defects, irregular heartbeat, palpitations, blood pressure variations, blood vessel defects etc.

Kids with heart issues consult a paediatric cardiologist who advises maintaining heart health with an active lifestyle and diet and preventing cardiac diseases due to obesity.

2. Paediatric Endocrinology:

With the change in lifestyle and diet, children suffer problems with growth, puberty, diabetes and hormonal variations that affect their developmental milestones. Sometimes the glands producing those hormones may have some defect.


3. Paediatric Gastroenterology:

Paediatric gastroenterologists deal with diseases of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of children. It is also called a stomach/bowel/liver doctor who treats digestive, liver, pancreatic, and nutritional issues in children. These issues are sometimes present at birth or may develop later as the child grows.

4. Paediatric Genetics:

This specialty comprises paediatric geneticists, otherwise called gene doctors. They receive specialised training in paediatrics and genetics and can identify the causes of birth problems, abnormalities in the body structure, body chemistry or brain development in our children.

Paediatric geneticists identify causes that affect the health, social interaction and development of our children and their treatments. They are also qualified to run tests on family members to determine if a disease caused is hereditary and can even discover if our child would develop any disease in future.

5. Paediatric Nephrology:

Paediatric nephrologists or kidney doctors treat children born with or who develop kidney disorders later. They evaluate and treat high blood pressure, growth and development issues due to chronic kidney disease.

6. Paediatric Neurology:

It is a specialty that diagnoses, treats and manages the problems in our child’s nervous system. Brain/nerve doctors/ paediatric neurologists handle conditions like epilepsy, brain tumours, cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy weaknesses, migraines, speech delay and mental deficiency.

7. Paediatric Allergy & Immunology:

Paediatric allergy specialists and immunologists or allergy doctors specialise in diagnosing, treating and monitoring a wide range of issues with our child’s immune system.

8. Paediatric Oncology:

It is a specialty which is becoming significant like never before. Pediatric oncologists specialise in treating blood disorders and childhood cancers. They improve the lives of the child suffering from this deadly disease and even save lives with proper treatment. The survival rate is much higher if treated at the earliest and followed up after treatment.

9. Paediatric Pulmonology:

Paediatric pulmonologists/ lung doctors diagnose and treat children with breathing problems and lung ailments. Children may have a variety of illnesses like chronic coughing, asthma, cystic fibrosis, apnea etc., that need proper intervention to aid them. 

10. Paediatric plastic surgeon:

A pediatric plastic surgeon is a specialist who treats a child with a deformity caused by a congenital anomaly, injury, illness, or tumour. It is more of a cosmetic treatment but can help the child have a better quality of life.

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